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Tuesday, February 7th, 2023

Aleppo exodus as rebels face defeat

Footage released on Friday showed residents from the Aleppo al-Ramusi district staying in tents as reconstruction of the area got underway. Some were resting inside the temporary accommodation while others started to clear rubble away in preparation for the rebuilding. Daniil Rychkov, the representative of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation of Opposing Sides in Syria, stated the work is being held “in accordance with the humanitarian operation plan”. According to him “the Centre for Reconciliation accommodated the residents who are living in this district and organised the work to return civilians to this area”. Russian servicemen also delivered bread and food packages which normally consist of sugar, flour, canned meat and fish and other essential products.” On Friday Russia’s Defence Ministry reported that more than 8,000 civilians, including almost 3,000 children, fled rebel-held areas of east Aleppo over the past 24 hours.

Syrian residents fleeing the violence gather at a checkpoint manned by pro-government forces in the Maysaloun neighbourhood of Aleppo. Picture: Youssef Karwashan/AFP

HUNDREDS of Syrian civilians streamed out on foot from the eastern part of the city of Aleppo on Friday in the wake of the relentless campaign by government troops and their allies to drive rebels from their rapidly crumbling enclave.

The exodus came a day after Russia announced that the Syrian army was suspending combat operations to allow for the evacuation of civilians from besieged rebel-held districts, but residents and medics inside eastern Aleppo said there was no letup in the bombardment.

Syrian residents fleeing the violence gather at a checkpoint in the village of Aziza. Picture: Youssef Karwashan/AFPSource:AFP

Syrian state media showed families emerging from ravaged districts, some of them with children, as civilians continued to stream out of the ever-shrinking enclave that had been held by rebels since 2012. Efforts to evacuate hundreds of wounded people faltered, however, despite pleas from medical officials earlier this week.

The government-owned al-Ikhbariya TV showed civilians on foot and at least one bus snaking through the Ballour crossing, and said they were coming from the Saleheen, Fardous and Sheikh Saeed neighbourhoods in the southern part of eastern Aleppo.

Syrian residents of the newly retaken eastern neighbourhoods of Aleppo walk through the Bab al-Hadid district under supervision of pro-government forces. Picture: George Ourfalian/AFPSource:AFP

A hospital administrator in eastern Aleppo said medics have submitted lists of patients who need to be evacuated from hospitals.

“There hasn’t been a response yet, and the shelling continues,” he said, speaking on condition of anonymity for fear of retaliation.

Rebel defences have collapsed in the face of a wide-ranging government offensive preceded by an intensive aerial campaign. More than three-quarters of the rebel sector has now fallen, including the symbolically important ancient Aleppo district.

Tens of thousands of residents have fled to western Aleppo, and those remaining are now cornered in the southern part of the formerly rebel-held east. The UN human rights office said it is deeply concerned about reports that hundreds of men have gone missing after crossing from eastern Aleppo into government-controlled areas of the city.

A man waves to a member of the Syrian pro-government forces patrolling a street in the newly retaken Bab al-Hadid neighbourhood. Picture: George Ourfalian/AFPSource:AFP

Spokesman Rupert Colville said that family members have reported losing contact with the men, who are between the ages of 30 and 50, after they fled opposition-held areas of Aleppo around a week or 10 days ago.

Mr Colville said the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights is also concerned by reports that some civilians trying to flee are being blocked by armed opposition groups and in some cases being fired upon.

“Civilians are being used as pawns and prevented from leaving,” he said at a briefing in Geneva.

Russia’s military said it has helped more than 8,000 civilians leave the rebel-controlled eastern part of Aleppo in the last 24 hours. Picture: George Ourfalian/AFPSource:AFP

He estimated there may currently be around 100,000 civilians in areas under the control of armed opposition groups in eastern Aleppo. They include about 500 medical cases involving people in need of urgent evacuation. An opposition official disputed government claims that the army now holds 90 per cent of eastern Aleppo, saying that more than a dozen neighbourhoods remain in rebel hands.

“More than thirty per cent of east Aleppo is controlled by us,” said Osama Abu Zayd, an adviser to the loose rebel umbrella group known as the Free Syrian Army. Speaking from Turkey, where he is based, he said the Syrian army and Russians were still targeting rebel positions on the front lines.

Russia’s military, meanwhile, said it has helped more than 8,000 civilians leave the rebel-controlled eastern part of Aleppo in the last 24 hours. Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, speaking in Germany after talks with US Secretary of State John Kerry, said military experts and diplomats would meet on Saturday in Geneva to work out details of the rebels’ exit from Aleppo’s eastern neighbourhoods, along with civilians who are willing to leave the city.