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Monday, February 6th, 2023

Iran to boost uranium enrichment level above nuclear pact’s limit, Rouhani says

“Our level of enrichment will no longer be 3.67. We will put this commitment aside by whatever amount we feel like, by whatever amount is our necessity, our need. We will take this above 3.67,” said Rouhani, according to IRIB news agency.

He added that the Islamic Republic’s actions were reversible. “All of our actions can be returned to the previous condition within one hour, why are you worried?” he said.

Though his tone was unusually tough, Rouhani was the architect of the nuclear pact and is seen as a pragmatist, unlike senior clerics in Iran’s ruling elite who opposed his opening to the West and have never let up in their denunciations of the United States.

Uranium refined to a fissile purity of 3.67 per cent is deemed suitable for electricity generation and is the maximum allowed by the deal. Enrichment to 90 per cent yields bomb-grade material.

This January 15, 2011 file photo shows the heavy water nuclear facility near Arak, 250 kilometres southwest of Tehran.Credit:ISNA via AP

Heavy-water reactor

Rouhani said that if the other signatories did not protect trade with Iran promised under the deal but blocked by Trump’s reimposition of tough sanctions, Tehran would also start to revive its Arak heavy-water reactor after July 7.

As required by the accord, Iran said in January 2016 that it had removed the core of the reactor and filled it with cement.

“From (July 7) onward with the Arak reactor, if you don’t operate (according to) the programme and time frame of all the commitments you’ve given us, we will return the Arak reactor to its previous condition,” said Rouhani.

“Meaning, the condition that you say is dangerous and can produce plutonium,” he said, referring to a key potential component of a nuclear bomb. “We will return to that unless you take action regarding all your commitments regarding Arak.”

He kept the door open to negotiations, saying Iran would again reduce its stockpile of enriched uranium below the 300-kilogram limit set by the nuclear pact if signatories Britain, France, Germany, Russia and China honoured their deal pledges.

Iran will gain nothing by departing from the terms of the deal, the French foreign ministry cautioned on Wednesday. Boris Johnson, the leading candidate to succeed British Prime Minister Theresa May, urged Iran to “think very, very hard” about scrapping a deal that had been “a good guarantor of stability” in relations with the European Union and Washington.

US sanctions noose

Tensions between Washington and Tehran have escalated since Trump pulled Washington out of the pact in May 2018 and acted to bar all international sales of Iranian oil, the Islamic Republic’s economic lifeblood.


“If America is very afraid of the word ‘fire’ then it shouldn’t light the flame,” Rouhani, apparently referring to Trump’s remark, said in remarks on the presidential website.

“And the only way to extinguish the fire is to return to the commitments and resolutions of the United Nations (that underpinned the 2015 agreement).”

The European signatories to the accord have sought to pull the two longstanding adversaries back from the verge of military conflict, fearing a mistake could spiral into a wider Middle East war endangering global security and energy supplies.

Israel has encouraged the Trump administration to press ahead with sanctions against its regional arch-enemy Iran, predicting that Tehran will eventually renegotiate a more limiting nuclear deal as Washington has demanded.

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif denies that Iran is in violation of the nuclear accord by exceeding the cap on low-enriched uranium, saying Iran is exercising its right to respond after the US withdrawal.

“Until today (the United States) saw the (nuclear deal) as a bad agreement and under these conditions then if Iran wants to distance itself from this agreement then they should be happy. But (now) that Iran has distanced itself…, they are upset and their shouts and screams have risen up in the world,” he said.

The nuclear accord lifted most global sanctions against Iran in return for curbs on its uranium enrichment capacity.

It aimed to extend the time Tehran would need to produce a nuclear bomb, if it chose to, from roughly 2-3 months to a year.

Tehran has denied any intent to develop nuclear weapons.

Before the showdown with Washington, U.N. nuclear inspectors had repeatedly verified that Iran was honouring the limits on both its refined uranium stockpile and the level of enrichment.

If America is very afraid of the word ‘fire’ then it shouldn’t light the flame.

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani

Iran’s oil exports decimated

Iran’s main demand – in talks with the European parties to the deal and as a precondition to any talks with the United States – is to be allowed to sell its oil at the levels that prevailed before Trump left the deal and restored sanctions.

Iranian crude exports were around 300,000 barrels per day or less in late June, industry sources said, a small fraction of the more than 2.5 million bpd Iran shipped in April 2018, the month before Trump abandoned the nuclear deal.

The head of Iran’s elite Revolutionary Guards said on Wednesday the enemy – an allusion to Washington – was worried about the prospect of war and was focused instead on an economic conflict, according to the semi-official Fars news agency.

Tehran has said the US sanctions regime amounts to “economic war” meant to starve its population. Iran is now shunned on oil markets and major foreign companies have dropped plans to invest for fear of incurring US financial penalties.

Trump renounced the nuclear deal on grounds that it was too weak for not being permanent and not covering security issues like Iran’s ballistic missile programme and regional behaviour.

with Parisa Hafezi