Netanyahu said it was important to act as President Donald Trump prepares to unveil his Mideast peace plan after the September 17 election.
“This is a historic opportunity, a one-time opportunity, to extend Israeli sovereignty on our settlements in Judea and Samaria, and also on other important regions for our security, for our heritage, and for our future,” Netanyahu said, using the biblical terms for the West Bank.
The prime minister was not clear about the status of the Palestinians on the West Bank.
Over 2.5 million Palestinians live there and in east Jerusalem, in addition to nearly 700,000 Jewish settlers. Israel already has annexed east Jerusalem in a move that is not internationally recognised.
Netanyahu is locked in a tight race, and his announcement, the most detailed vision for the region that he has presented during his decade in power, was the latest in a series of frenetic moves he has made in recent days to try to rally hard-line voters.
The proposal was dismissed by opponents as election theatrics, who have accused Netanyahu of trying to divert attention from a corruption scandal and Israel’s security challenges.
Later in the day, he was whisked away from a campaign event in southern Israel after Palestinian militants fired rockets toward the area.
Netanyahu’s plan would hinge on a number of factors, most critically whether Trump would support him. But major policy pronouncements are typically coordinated with the White House ahead of time, and a muted White House reaction indicated there would be little resistance.
US officials said Netanyahu had told them about his proposal ahead of time and that they had not raised any objections because they do not think it will affect prospects for an eventual peace agreement. The officials spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to talk to the media.
The Israeli leader spoke as the White House announced the firing of national security adviser John Bolton. Bolton was a strong supporter of Netanyahu’s tough policies against Iran and had visited the Jordan Valley with the Israeli leader in June.
Netanyahu gave no indication of whether he had discussed his plans with Trump but said he would wait for Trump to unveil his peace plan and coordinate all steps with the president, whose team of Mideast advisers is dominated by supporters of the settlements.
The Palestinians seek the West Bank, east Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip – areas captured by Israel in the 1967 Mideast war – as part of a future independent state.
For Israel, the Jordan Valley is considered a security asset because it provides a buffer zone against potential attacks from the east. Many moderate Israelis believe Israel should retain some element of control in the area under a peace deal.
Palestinians, however, say there can be no independent state without the area, which comprises nearly a quarter of the West Bank. It is home to many Palestinian farms and also is one of the few remaining areas of the territory where the Palestinians have open space to develop.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said all agreements with Israel will be canceled if Netanyahu presses forward.
“We have the right to defend our rights and achieve our goals by all available means, whatever the results, as Netanyahu’s decisions contradict the resolutions of international legitimacy and international law,” he said.